Executed in 1898 by Louis Amateis, who was commissioned by the estate of Henry Rosenberg and dedicated on San Jacinto Day (April 1, 1900), this monument honors the heroes of Texas independence. A 22-foot high bronze figure of Victory, cast by Nelli Foundry in Rome and set on a 50-foot granite pedestal, wears a Lone Star crown, carries a rose-entwined sword in her left hand and a laurel wreath in her right hand, which points towards the San Jacinto battleground.
There are four sides to the monument each pointing in a different cardinal direction and depicting moral qualities of the men who fought for Texas: Patriotism, Honor, Devotion, and Courage. The monument is 74 feet tall, including Lady Victory, and the base is 34 feet square. The bulk of the monument is the four columns standing fifty feet tall. Carved from a single block of granite, it weighs twelve tons. The monument is constructed of granite with bronze statues seated at the base. The sub-base is adorned with bronze reliefs measuring nine feet long and three feet tall. The statues and bas-reliefs tell the story of Texas’s fight for independence. The granite used for this monument is from Concord, New Hampshire, and is the same material used in the Library of Congress.
At the top of the monument stands Lady Victory at 22 feet tall. When she was cast, Victory was the second largest bronze sculpture in America, second to William Penn at thirty-seven feet on top of Philadelphia’s City Hall. Lady Victory stands proud looking north across the State of Texas towards the battlefield of San Jacinto. Victory is holding a sheathed cross hilted sword pointing toward the earth, entwined with roses, in her left hand. The symbolism of the roses and sword define the beginning of an era of peace taken from German poetry. In Victory’s right hand is a crown of laurels for the heroes of the war. Under Lady Victory’s feet is the date October 2, 1835, the date of the Outbreak of Hostilities.
The column facing east is symbolic of the revolt of Texas colonists and the beginning of the revolution. Atop the column, the word "courage" is inscribed. Seated at the base of the granite column is the bronze figure known as Defiance. Armor clad and bearing an unsheathed sword in her right hand, Defiance is draped with the pelt of a lioness over her head and shoulders. Apparent as the Lone Star on her chest is her uncompromising demeanor evident as she orders the Mexicans out of Texas territory. Beneath Defiance, the date October 2, 1835 is carved, significant as the day of the Goliad Massacre or the outbreak of hostilities. “The Massacre at Goliad” is referenced in the bas-relief on the base of the monument.
The column that faces west is magnificent and suggestive of the end of Texas’s hostilities is the bronze figure known as Peace. Lady Peace is seated facing west. With her right arm resting on the State of Texas’s coat of arms, she sits stately with her sheathed sword across her lap, loosely held in her left hand. Crowned with a laurel wreath, she wears a Lone Star proudly as she gazes westward. Below her is the date April 21, 1836 the date of the Battle of San Jacinto. A bas-relief underneath the date commemorates “Santa Anna before General Houston at San Jacinto.”
The base of the column facing south has a medallion of Stephen F. Austin, known as the Father of Texas. Austin is flanked by allegorical figures representative of war and diplomacy. Below the medallion is a bas-relief commemorating “The Defense of the Alamo.”The defense of the Alamo is shown at the moment the attacking Mexican column has broken its way through the shattered door of the bullet-pitted mission. Through the splinter-strewn gateway the soldiers of Santa Anna are rushing, the handful of wounded and exhausted Texans engaging them hand to hand.
The column that faces north overlooks what was once the entrance to Galveston Island, and the State of Texas. The top of the column is inscribed with the word "patriotism." A bronze medallion of Sam Houston is flanked by representations of war on his right and diplomacy on his left, and backed by a flag. The sub-base of the monument is a bas-relief of “The charge of Sam Houston’s troops that won the Battle of San Jacinto." The inscription under the relief on the base reads, “A tribute from Henry Rosenberg to the heroes of the Texas Revolution of 1836.”